Antonio Rivera recruited undocumented immigrants in the United States to work as waitresses in his bars. He placed ads and disseminated flyers seeking waitresses in Spanish language newspapers and at local businesses frequented by Spanish-speaking migrants. Once he hired the women, he directed them to convince patrons at the bar to buy them drinks, which they were required to consume. Eventually, he forced the women to have sex with his patrons in exchange for money, which he kept. He used physical violence and threatened to deport the women to keep them from leaving or reporting the activities to the police. Riviera and his associates were convicted on sex trafficking and forced labor.